Hyperpigmentation is a term that refers to the darkening of the skin color more than normal— some parts of the skin get darker than others. This can be small patches of the skin or cover large areas of the body. Hyperpigmentation affects people of all skin types and can affect people at any stage in their life, right from early childhood right up to old age.
Hyperpigmentation occurs when Melanocytes (melanin-producing cells) produce excessive pigment (the substance responsible for your skin color). Over-exposure to the sun with inadequate UV protection is the biggest cause of Hyperpigmentation. That’s why many people complain about their skin darkening on their face, neck, and hands since these areas are often the most exposed to sunlight. Hormonal fluctuations in women caused by pregnancy or menopause have been known to bring about Hyperpigmentation. Also, certain medication or trauma to the skin — such as a cut, scrape, or acne—could lead to Hyperpigmentation.
Yes! There are several kinds of Hyperpigmentation, with the most common ones being melasma, photodamage, and post-inflammatory Hyperpigmentation. Identifying the type of Hyperpigmentation you have will help you determine what the best treatment is.